Category Archives: Consumer Rights
HALAL MEAT IS ILLEGAL & has been since 1995
LEGALLY, No-Stun Ritually Slaughtered Meat should be for Muslims ONLY
– NOT for Everyone.
There is a VAST Over-production of Halal Meat in UK, which needs to be curbed through legal enforcement by the Government.
Since 2012 at least 20% of Halal Meat & Poultry in UK is No-Stun Halal Ritually Slaughtered Meat that has been dedicated to Allah…and this meat is being sold in Supermarkets on the Halal Counters, mainly to Non-muslim customers – which is ILLEGAL. The majority of Muslims will only buy No-Stun halal meat from Halal Butchers Shops – they will not buy from supermarket Halal Counters, because they cannot be sure that the supermarket meat is authentic halal.
This has been confirmed by the Head of a leading Halal Authority – see his words here…
Concerns are that the halal meat has been contaminated at some stage – transportation without further halal certification at other logistics levels can be an issue and even handling by a Non-muslim can be considered to cause contamination issues; furthermore the fact that halal meat is being sold in a shop that also sells pork, can also put off muslim shoppers.
No-Stun Halal Meat is also being given to School pupils.
There are an increasing number of Schools serving HMC Halal Meat – this No-Stun Halal Meat & Poultry is given to ALL pupils, including Non-muslim pupils, often without their parent’s knowledge or consent. In far too many Primary Schools, the Nick Clegg policy of Free School Dinners for ALL ends up imposing Halal meat & poultry on All children, whether they are Muslims or not.
This is Illegal according to the Original Licence of Exemption (see image below) which clearly states that Halal Meat that is processed without any stun at all should be for Muslim consumption ONLY – NOT for everyone.
Questions need to be asked, such as WHY is the FSA (Food Standards Agency) turning a blind eye to the License of Exemption Rule?
Halal should just be a niche market in UK, like kosher has always been.
The Scottish Government have admitted that the placing of non-stunned meat slaughtered in the UK into the general food chain has been illegal since 1995.
SO WHY IS DEFRA TURNING A BLIND EYE?
Essential Reading – Please Click on LINK to Read the Post.
UK – HALAL MEAT IS ILLEGAL & has been since 1995
The Welfare of Animals (Slaughter or Killing) Regulations (WASK) 1995 state that all animals slaughtered in the UK should be fully stunned to the point of insensibility before slaughter and until death. A dispensation exists in WASK for animals slaughtered for Halal and Kosher meat which states that these animals are not required to be stunned. Section 12.2 of the legislation states that meat from animals not stunned must ONLY be sold/ provided to Muslims & Jews.
The Original Licence of Exemption – which is definitely still valid – clearly states that No-Stun Halal & Kosher Meat should be for Jews & Muslims ONLY – NOT for Everyone.
Here is an image of that Licence which I obtained from a Muslim Charity website belonging to: The London Central Mosque Trust & the Islamic Cultural Centre (ICC)
…the highlight in black is theirs not ours, but the key words we care about are below that highlighted section, in that same paragraph…
LICENCE OF EXEMPTION
In 2012, around 20% of Halal meat produced in the UK was from animals slaughtered with no form of stunning. (Food Standards Agency. June 2012).
SECONDLY – REVERSIBLE STUNNING IS CRUEL
Animals are NOT being Stunned properly – so they become conscious again within seconds
Also of grave concern is the remainder of Halal meat – the 80% – which is sourced from animals that are subjected to a stun method called “Stun-to-stun”. This stunning method uses an amperage far below that recommended in guidelines for an effective stun. In fact Prof.Temple Grandin has said that the Livestock begin to recover within 15 seconds of the Reversible Stun being administered.
NOTE that Muslims say clearly that a Proper Stun could result in the death of the animal, so it cannot be used, because the Meat cannot be Halal.
Just to be clear on this – a Proper Stun will put the animal or poultry into an IRREVERSIBLE state of unconsciousness and into a PERMANENT state of being insensible to pain. That is the reason the traditional stun cannot be used for halal meat which can only be obtained from animals & poultry that are ALIVE at the point of slaughter.
Our traditional slaughter methods have been changed…
For example, sheep used to be stunned to the Head AND the Body – now they are given a Low stun to the Head ONLY – surely this is ILLEGAL too!
Many devout Muslims speak out against the Reversible Stun that is being used in so many Slaughterhouses, saying it is more cruel than No Stun at all.
That is because the animals are becoming conscious after the throat cut, thrashing out and bellowing loudly on the slaughter line – until “Allah knows best”.
Reversible Stunning leads to completely unnecessary suffering in 21st Century Britain – it is very cruel.
It takes at least 6 minutes for cattle to die after the throat cut… at least 4 minutes for sheep & goats to die and at least 2 minutes for poultry & ducks.
AND many muslims completely reject Halal Meat that has been subjected to any form of stunning anyway!
After a public consultation in 2013, new stricter rules were passed for EU countries, which clearly stated the minimum stun that animals and poultry should be given, but here in Britain those rules were completely ignored and the old 1995 WASK Rules remain still to this day – PROOF HERE…
Why have we tolerated this in 21st Century Britain?
We must BOYCOTT HALAL Meat – Leave it on the Supermarket shelves to rot & complain!
– Insist on conventional meat from your Butcher or buy direct from Farmers you know.
This will be difficult to avoid halal meat & poultry, because most, if not all meat going through Smithfield Meat Market is now halal ritually slaughtered! Note that Smithfield Market or, to give it its official name, London Central Markets, is the largest wholesale meat market in the UK and one of the largest of its kind in Europe.
NOTE that it is mandatory for ALL EC Meat to bear the Licence Number of the Abattoir where it was sourced!
Most Meat in UK will have an EC Meat Code number like this… it must be stamped on ALL Meat Carcasses AND it must appear on ALL packaged Meat.
Please research where the meat you are buying is sourced from – the 4 digit EC Meat Code on all meat sold in Europe is traceable back to source… however some supermarkets make it a little more confusing – see this from Morrisons…
WHERE’S THIS FROM App for iPhones & Androids
There is a very useful APP called WHF = ‘Where’s This From’ that will not tell you if the meat is halal or not, but it will tell you where the meat is sourced, if you type in that 4 digit code that is on the carcass or the meat packaging! Armed with the name of the Slaughterhouse of Cutting Plant you can Google that business to find out about it or ring up the slaughterhouse to ask if they say a blessing over their livestock or not.
This App is completely FREE to use!
WHERE’S THIS FROM?
THIRDLY we have the problem of the HARAM MEAT…
THIRDLY we have the problem of the mis-selling of the downgraded, sub-standard, Haram Meat mainstream – this Rejected Ritually Slaughtered meat, is being mis-sold to us, as if it is conventional meat… which it certainly isn’t.
THIRDLY we have the problem of the Halal Industry selling off cheap their Ritually Slaughtered downgraded, sub-standard, Haram Meat to Big Buyers; who then sell it on to anyone who will buy cheap meat, or will serve it up in mainstream restaurants & fast food takeaway chains, as if it is conventional meat.
Obviously it is NOT labelled HARAM MEAT – or no one would buy it!
This Haram Meat is also sold off cheap to the Butchers Shop Chains
In fact our butchers will say with a grin… “This meat is NOT halal” and offer us the sub-standard haram meat (usually at a cheaper price). We are not told that this meat has been Rejected at the Post Slaughter inspection at a halal slaughterhouse! Obviously no one would buy it if they knew the truth! Some butchers will know it is not actually meat that has been killed in a conventional way, but many of our butchers are also hoodwinked into buying this Haram Meat – often at a cheaper prices – and some have no knowledge of where it has come from.
Surely this practice is ILLEGAL too!
Muslims will say that some meat, after halal Ritual Slaughter, does not meet the grade & so it is not halal; this rejected ritually slaughtered meat is renamed ‘haram‘ and will then be discarded into the mainstream Food Chain… but for us (who are looking at this issue from a Non-muslim perspective) – this meat is still HALAL – it has been prepared in the same way that Muslim Meat should be prepared… it has been dedicated to a foreign god and slaughtered unstunned or ultra-low amperage stunned – it is certainly not Traditional Meat that was properly stunned before slaughter! See what Waitrose say on their website about this so-called ‘Non-halal’ meat – they give 3 reasons for selling it to unsuspecting shoppers!
This Substandard Haram Meat is the rejected Halal Meat – it has been Ritually Slaughtered after being dedicated to Allah… BEFORE being rejected for reasons that we will never know, because records regarding why the Halal Inspector rejects the halal meat are not recorded – and certainly never published. So WHY should we accept meat that has been foisted off onto us as being conventional meat, when in reality it has been cast off from the halal market, rather than being thrown away, because it was deemed to be ‘Unfit For Muslim Consumption’?
Why are we tolerating this? Surely this is ILLEGAL too!
FOURTHLY – RITUALLY SLAUGHTERED MEAT IS BEING MIS-SOLD
Lastly there is so much evidence in every supermarket and many food outlets across Britain that we have checked that the Halal & the Haram Meat is being sold to us UNLABELLED as such.
We have had many Petitions & Letters to Governments over the years asking for more transparency in labelling, but the issue is either blamed on the EU, or ignored, or put off because it is uncertain what Halal Meat actually is… This uncertainty has arisen due to many arguments over the years, between different Islamic factions, who each have different standards, because the Truth of the matter is that there is NO AUTHENTIC HALAL STANDARD YET!
The fact that this meat has been involved in a ritual, dedicating it to a foreign god – Allah, is surely enough to warrant the labelling of this meat, as ‘Ritually Slaughtered’ – let’s call it ‘RS’ Meat.
Surely it is ILLEGAL to sell Halal or Haram Ritually Slaughtered meat & poultry to us UNLABELLED, as if it is the Conventional Meat we are looking for?
‘RS’ also stands for ‘Religious Standard’ and can cover ALL halal certified products too – whether Food or Non-Food.
‘RS’ can be used as a sign on all halal certified services and businesses that have gone down the halal compliance route to fulfil a ‘Religious Standard’.
We should not be relying on less than 5% Muslim minority for mainstream Consumer Information – that is the job of our elected Government and it is also the job of the unelected bureaucrats in Brussels, who should be writing the necessary Policy to enforce proper labelling, so that we can make a reasoned choice about what we are buying.
We have been sharing a clear labelling idea since 2011 that will avoid ALL loopholes and overcome the problem of authenticity… but we are still waiting for it to be considered and implemented. See it here…
We suggest a ‘RS’ Label is required for ALL Halal Certified products & services
Here is why…… see this article next:
Unfair Trading – ‘RS’ Label Required
We need to know what we are buying and eating and we want to know if products & services are following a religious standard, or are traditional to our nation… LABEL HALAL!
PLEASE BOYCOTT HALAL MEAT & the Rejected HARAM meat from Halal Slaughterhouses.
We must stop buying it to reduce demand and curb the supply – and insist on conventional meat that has been properly stunned.
You are in for a treat – you will taste the difference!
Bangers ban in hundreds of schools
Pork is being banned from school dinners – even where the majority of parents have no religious objection to it.
Many Schools Do Not Offer Pork Options Now!
…And halal does not just involve meat…
Halal is a way of life and can encompass our entire Food Chain.
Head teachers are deciding for “cultural” & “religious” reasons to drop traditional sausages and ham from children’s lunches. In some instances Traditional Ham has been replaced by ‘Halal Turkey’ham’ and Traditional Pork or Beef Sausages are replaced with ‘halal chicken sausages with halal ‘ham’ flavouring’ or with ‘halal beef sausages’.
Here is a typical School Lunch with a ‘Turkey ‘Ham’ Sandwich…
Newham, London – HALAL PRIMARY SCHOOL advertises in this .pdf document ‘Free School Meals for Primary School Children.
Typical Menus are…
Typical UNNEEDED Halal Substitute Food can be…
[HALAL] Chicken Sausages in gravy with mashed potatoes
Vegetable Stir Fry with [HALAL] Quorn & Noodles
Spaghetti Bolognaise (Lamb) [HALAL LAMB]
[HALAL] Cheese & Tomato Pizza
[HALAL] Chocolate Sponge with [HALAL] Chocolate Sauce
What about the right of Christians & Sikhs – who are forbidden by their religions – to eat food that has been offered to a foreign god/idol?
Are Sikhs given a special abrogation from stunning so they can produce their meat in UK too? No.
Surely in Britain there should be NO Halal Primary Schools?
Yet this Newham Primary School list of Free HALAL Dinners – with no choice of traditional meat on the menu !
Again all this has been happening for the past couple of years by Stealth.
Dairy Products & Confectionery may contain halal bi-products, such as rennet; frozen food or fresh produce can be halal… Yes, even vegetables may be packaged and halal certified or may be in tins and halal certified. So many products have had their recipes changed to make them halal… they may include halal food additives or halal vitamins.
Do we think that Hindus should have religious rights? If your answer is yes then we should be against Halal being sold to all non-muslims, because Hindu’s do not wish to eat Halal, as it is against their own religious beliefs. Where are their Religious Rights? When are we going to see a STOP on the Halal Industry taking away our Freedom of Choice in Britain? Or will this carry on until Traditional British Food becomes a niche market in our country that has a 95%+ Non-Muslim Population??? Halal food is spreading throughout Britain. A London Daily Mail investigation found that Britain’s major supermarket chains, fast-food restaurants, even some hospitals and schools were serving halal food without telling those who were eating it.
Surely we should be protected by British Laws & Regulations???
Article 9 Human Rights Act. regarding Freedom of Conscience
This Act should give us the right to religious and secular freedom, i.e. to not be forced to participate in religious rites.
Dedicating this meat to a god violates this right: hence there is forced participation in another’s religion without consent.
Also Jews, Sikhs & Christians are specifically instructed not to eat this meat, so where is their religious freedom?
UK Human Rights blog
At Blackburn Central High School ALL Non-Muslim children are being given this HALAL or Vegetarian menu
So there is no real choice – if children do not want Muslim meat, then it is a Vegetarian diet or the option to bring in a Packed Lunch.
So No Traditional Hot Roast Dinners for Non-Muslims – now in many schools & colleges ALL Meals are halal
We have HALAL-ONLY SCHOOLS in Britain… WHY?
Anger over halal-only menus in schools
Haringey council in North London has issued “best practice” advice to all schools in its area to…
“Ban all pork products in order to cater for the needs of staff and pupils who are not permitted contact with these for religious reasons”.
In Tower Hamlets, East London, 85 out of 90 schools have ‘no pork’.
In Haringey’s infant, junior & primary schools, 37 out of 47 serve no pork.
Britain goes halal… but no one tells the public
BRIT KIDS FORCED TO EAT HALAL SCHOOL DINNERS
Muslim Meals for Primary Tots of all faiths
Philip Davies, the Conservative MP for Shipley, West Yorkshire, who has campaigned for clear labelling of halal and kosher meat in shops and restaurants, described the pork bans as “misguided political correctness”.
“Whilst I very much agree that pupils should be able to choose not to have pork, I believe it is totally wrong for schools to in effect force all pupils to abide by the religious beliefs of some by denying them the opportunity to choose to have pork,” he said.
“This is the type of misguided political correctness which builds up resentments which otherwise would not exist, and I very much hope these schools will change their stance and allow pupils a much more free choice.”
In the HALAL ONLY SCHOOLS – Bakery, Dairy & Confectionery products are affected too, as they must contain halal bi-products & halal additives and halal food colourings. Even vegetables are grown in halal bone-meal & halal compost under the strictest halal monitoring!
Ham & Pineapple Pizza is made with ‘Turkey Ham’ or ‘Chicken Ham’ which has a halal ‘ham’ flavour.
In addition to the compulsory use of halal certified products (to ensure no cross contamination), there is also the matter of Halal Services… Manufacturing Plants of all bread eg. Kingsmill & processed foods must be halal and monitored by Muslim Inspectors. Halal Flour, halal shortening, halal suet in pies & puddings.
Halal Ethyl Vanillin: synthetic vanilla flavoring. It is used for soft drinks, ice creams
and baked goods. Dairy Products must be from Halal Certified producers eg. Dairy Crest is HFA Certified. Many well known Brands of Dairy Products are now halal certified, but this is not shown on the carton. We look & find that many recipes of well known brands have been tampered with – Eg. ingredients like rennet have been replaced with halal rennet in yoghurts and cheeses – Plus no halal sign is clearly displayed on the product… so how will muslims know to buy it???
All this involves extra costs AND the halal certification involves an annual fee… and another fee if you want to display a logo to say your school kitchen is halal.
Plus these Halal Only School Kitchens and Food Processing Plants must also be regularly Monitored by Muslims and rules must be strictly adhered to eg.No alcohol can be used in the cleaning products…
Only halal Cleaning Products can be used. Another Cleaning Contract??? Delivery in Halal Van?
It can even mean that my children’s School Dinners are sold in Halal Packaging? Another Contract?
Stewart Houston, the chief executive of the National Pig Association, which represents commercial producers, also criticised the bans.
He said: “It is disappointing that schools can not be sufficiently organised to give children a choice of meat.”
Sausages and roast pork are staples of a British diet and children enjoy eating them.
Marlborough College in Wiltshire has admitted that while halal chicken is usually only served to Muslims, it had ‘occasionally’ served it to all pupils
Oxford University students secretly served Muslim halal meat
My Family do not like animal cruelty, so we want to avoid anything that contains Halal Gelatine, Halal Rennet or Halal Lecithin etc., as it is unclear whether these halal additives are a product of an artificial halal process or are animal bi-products which like the halal meat all come from animals which have been barbarically slaughtered, as they have not been properly stunned unconscious prior to having their throats slit! Even the most lax halal authority the HFA (Halal Food Authority) will ensure that animals are only Stunned to Immobilise, for the benefit of the slaughterer, not to ensure good animal welfare. That is clear on their website here: Quote in their words…
“Electric stun can be controlled like a dimmer switch on the wall for the immobilisation of the birds and the animals. This is working well…”
Halal Gelatine is usually made from calves that have been ritually slaughtered without stunning.
QUOTE FROM HALAL DICTIONARY:
Halal Gelatine: is a protein extracted from animal by-products, such as skin, bones, cartilage and used in a variety of food products. If made from vegetable, microbiological source or animal slaughtered in Islamic way, they are Halal.
PROTECT BRITISH JOBS! It is also clear that the Halal Industry marginalises British Workers, because ONLY devout Muslims are allowed to Slaughter the meat.
Furthermore when we analyse where this tax payers money goes that is paying for these contracts… it seems clear according to the Qur’an, that as we pay for halal food we are indirectly paying zakat tax which is paid to Islamic ends by all devout Muslims.
So how does this benefit Britain in these times of austerity???
Where does the Qur’an say this Zakat should go? How should Zakat be used?
QUOTE from Surah 9:60
‘Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah.’
What does this mean… well it is explained in the Link and clearly the only ones benefiting are Muslims.
My biggest objection is that an eighth of this Zakat Tax is directly paid to fund Islamic Freedom Fighters!
‘The fighter (mujahid) will be given as salary what will be enough for him. If he needs to buy arms or some other supplies related to the war effort, Zakat money should be used provided the effort is to raise the banner of Islam.’
See that quote towards the end of this article…
Finally, the most obvious reason that we should uphold British traditions and Judeo-Christian values is that Muslims Do NOT Require Halal Food in Non-Muslim Countries!
IMPORTANT: If there is no halal available then a Muslim is allowed to eat non-halal food.
Islam has laws regarding which foods can and cannot be eaten and also on the proper method of slaughtering an animal for consumption, known as dhabihah.
However if there is no halal food available then a Muslim is allowed to eat non-halal food.
Surah 2:173 states: “…if there is no other choice, …there is no sin in him.”
Surah 5:5 is the abrogated text that makes this even clearer when it says QUOTE:
Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Table Spread) – سورة المائدة
‘This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture [People of the Book – Jews & Christians] is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them.’
According to what LAW is it Lawful to eat all good foods if halal is not available?
Answer = According to SHARIAH LAW!
Only 3-5% of British Consumers are Muslim and want to follow Sharia Law… so we have a duty to uphold British traditions and Judeo-Christian values for te 95-97% majority who do not want of need halal..
Surely we, as the payers of Council Tax in this borough, should have a say about what our children can choose to eat at school. Religious foods and Special Needs foods should be an option – not forced on every child… and these minorities have the choice of bringing a packed lunch.
UK MEMBERS! WRITE TO YOUR LOCAL COUNCIL EDUCATION DEPARTMENTS!
You can also use this Link to write to your elected MPs, COUNCILLORS, LORDS & your MEPs – I have 5… and here via this link you can write to them all at once & send for FREE.
They are YOUR GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES and they are there to SERVE YOU – So COMPLAIN NOW!
Find out who they are in this Official Government site by adding your Post Code here…
WRITE TO THEM
All it will cost is your time!
BOYCOTT HALAL – HALAL IS WRONG FOR SO MANY REASONS!
One expects to find this RED TRACTOR Food Standards Authority (FSA) logo on foods that have been well prepared to a good standard… but sadly it seems that this logo is now the sign of what is probably Halal Ritually Slaughtered meat according to all the largest British supermarket chains.
This was the disturbing findings of The Asian Tribune headlines on 24th July 2012
You would think looking at the logo that meat sold with this assured food standard is 100% British, but on contacting all major supermarkets, I was shocked to learn that in fact the standard means nothing and we are in fact eating Halal meat blessed with Islamic prayers and the animal having its throat cut until the blood drains out.
In some cases it takes as long as six minutes for the animal to die even when stunned.
Compassion in World Farming (CIWF) blasts Red Tractor on welfare
“Red Tractor assures little more than compliance with minimum legislation,”
said CIWF chief executive Philip Lymbery in this article…
The Red Tractor symbol was first put on Halal Meat when JANAN MEATS, one of the Leading Suppliers of Halal Meat, was Awarded the Red Tractor.
Janan Meats is part of the Pitstock Group which is controlled by Naved Syed – a very influential muslim in this country who is also on the EBLEX (Eblex – The organisation for the English beef and sheep industry) Halal Steering Committee along with supermarket representatives eg. from ASDA… all hell bent on distributing halal meat mainstream in Britain & Europe & beyond.
Janan Meats is first independent abattoir to gain Red Tractor Award
Freya, nominated by her mum, Julie, was chosen as the winner because she supports her busy mum and dad in the kitchen and loves to cook Sunday lunch for friends and family.
“Freya loves to shop for her ingredients, and always makes a point of picking products with the Red Tractor logo on it, she knows this means the food has been produced to good standards.”
When walking into any British supermarket they all pride themselves on selling British products where possible , this can be seen in any meat section at Asda,Tesco and Waitrose to name a few.
But do we know what we are eating?
To help us we see logo’s like Red Tractor which guarantees:
– High standards of food safety and hygiene
– High Standards of animal welfare
– High Standards of Environmental protection
You would think looking at the logo that meat sold with this assured food standard is 100% British, but on contacting all major supermarkets, I was shocked to learn that in fact the standard means nothing and we are in fact eating Halal meat blessed with Islamic prayers and the animal having its throat cut until the blood drains out. In some cases it takes as long as six minutes for the animal to die even when stunned.
This practice of the Red Tractor logo appearing on halal meat is now common place according to Tescos who says…
“We sell Halal meat in our stores to meet customer demand and to demonstrate that everyone is welcome at Tesco.”
Better still BOYCOTT TESCO & write to them to let them know why.
PLEASE ALL SIGN THE PETITION it doesn’t matter where you live. Everyone can sign this.
THANK YOU. SIGN HERE
We UK Consumers appeal to those in power to authorise the writing of a suitable policy that will make Labelling ALL Religiously Slaughtered meat a Legal Requirement by Law, so that we all know what we are buying & eating in plain English. We UK Consumers want ALL Ritually Slaughtered Meat & Bi-Products LABELLED with a simple ‘RS’ no matter how it is stunned or what its source is. ‘RS’ can also stand for ‘Religious Standard’ and could therefore be used on ALL Products that come under any Religious Standard.
Anywhere & anything associated with Ritual Slaughter or a Religious Standard needs labelling ‘RS’ so we fully understand what we are choosing to buy or eat.
The UK needs Consumer confidence to be restored and this will only happen when there is more transparency in Labelling of ‘RS’ food, goods & services.
We also fully support the EU Parliament’s move to Label ALL meat that has been obtained by Slaughter without stunning in the Food Information Regulation (FIR).
UK Consumers want ALL Ritually Slaughtered Meat LABELLED with a simple ‘RS’ no matter how stunned…
SIGN VIA THIS LINK:
If the Red & Black Label would be too expensive due to the colour This Black & White alternative would do the job.